What Are the Dangers of Rat Infestation
Few of us are aware that rats can be made as pets, and they are rather cute since they can be friendly when tame plus they are intelligent creatures. Domestic rats are less likely to bite than gerbils and hamsters, and so it is a good choice if your child is looking for a new pet. Wild rats though are never good once they infest your home aside from not being cute. Therefore, you should be concern once they start to infest your garage, attic or basement.
There are many kinds of sub-species of rats, but the more common ones are the black and brown rats. Some rats came from Asia, and they are quite small, but their relatives in some towns and cities are much larger.
While humans migrated around the world, rats also followed and their population go along with the soldiers and traders who were busy trading in Asia and Europe. Imagine them hitching rides on ships sailing between continents and after some time, rats are seen everywhere.
Just like many pests, rats are nature’s scavengers, and so the more food is available in a place, the more you will see them around. Rats prefer a diet of various meat and vegetables, but they are not choosy with their food, thus they will be satisfied raiding your trash or your vegetable patch. Note that rats will also attack small animals if they cannot find any other food around.
Rats have one main reason for being dreaded or scared of in the past centuries and this is because they spread disease. The disease called the black death and later termed as the bubonic plague, were said to be transmitted by rats infested with fleas, and because of this, 25 million people died in the Middle Ages.
Nowadays, an outbreak of the disease can be prevented since we have now a better understanding of the disease and how to prevent it. But, with rats still around, the spreading of disease is still possible, and thus we need to deal the situation as quickly as possible to prevent infestation.
One disease that you should be concern of with rats living and breeding in your vicinity is called leptospirosis, the most common rat-borne disease.
Food or water that were contaminated by rats could lead to another disease called salmonella. Another serious disease is called hantavirus which people can get by being exposed to rat droppings or rat urine, and also, it can be transmitted by a rat bite. Very common also in the rat population is e-coli, and rats are also infected with this disease leading humans to be contaminated too from food and water that are contaminated.